2 July 1881Between 1881 and 1885 the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) undertook a bombing campaign across the United Kingdom. They attacked infrastructure as well as government, military and police targets in support of their campaign for a free Irish Republic.
2 July 1939During the Second World War IEDs were employed by many organisations, including Soviet partisans, the French Resistance and the British Special Operations Executive (SOE). Both command-detonated and time-delay fuse IEDs were used to derail trains and sabotage enemy industry.
2 July 1948The Malayan Emergency was a guerrilla war fought between Commonwealth armed forces and the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), part of the Malayan Communist Party. The MNLA attacked rubber plantations and destroyed transportation and infrastructure with IEDs.