• 10.30am - 3.30pm
  • FREE
  • Chelsea, London
National Army Museum
  • 10.30am - 3.30pm
  • FREE
  • Chelsea, London

Regiments and Corps

96th Regiment of Foot

Captain Abbott of the 96th Regiment of Foot, August 1836

Origins

Four line infantry regiments with the numeral 96 were raised and disbanded between 1761 and 1818. A fifth was raised at Manchester in 1824 and sent straight to Halifax, Nova Scotia on garrison duties.

Over the next decade, the regiment spent eight years in Halifax and then two in the West Indies. It then garrisoned Britain and Ireland until 1839, when it was tasked with guarding a convict ship bound for Australia.

It remained in New South Wales until sailing for New Zealand to fight in the First Maori (or Flagstaff) War (1845-46).

Glengarry badge, other ranks, 96th Regiment of Foot, c1874

Shoulder belt plate, 96th (Queen's German) Regiment, c1802

Mid-19th century

The regiment moved straight from New Zealand to India in 1849. This posting was relatively brief and the unit was back in Ireland by 1854. It joined the Gibraltar garrison in 1856, but returned to Britain the following year and alternated between there and Ireland until 1863.

One exception was in 1862, when it sent a detachment to New Brunswick in Canada during the Trent Affair. This was a period of high tension between Britain and the Union side in the American Civil War (1861-65) that almost brought an end to British neutrality in that conflict.

In 1863, it sailed to the Cape of Good Hope. And from there, it deployed to India for 10 years’ service in 1865.

The Battle of Alexandria, 1801

The Battle of Talavera, 1809

Queen’s Own Germans

In 1874, the regiment - which had no battle honours and only 50 years’ lineage - was made the nominal successor to the 96th Regiment of Foot (Queen’s Own Germans), despite having no historic links to it, other than the numeral 96.

That regiment had been raised on Minorca from Swiss mercenary prisoners of war in 1798, and had gone on to serve in the Egyptian campaign, fighting at Alexandria (1801).

It later fought in the Peninsular War (1808-14), taking part in the battles of Vimeiro (1808), Talavera (1809), Busaco (1810) and Albuera (1811), before moving to Upper Canada during the War of 1812 (1812-15). During the latter campaign, it took part in the Siege of Fort Erie (1814).

It was numbered as the 96th Foot in 1816 and disbanded in Ireland in 1818.

Legacy

In 1875, the 96th Regiment returned to Britain from India. Six years later, it was merged with the 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot to form The Manchester Regiment.

The Museum of the Manchester Regiment

The National Army Museum works together with Regimental and Corps Museums across the country to help provide a network of military museums for everyone to visit and enjoy.

Explore the history and collections of the 96th Regiment by visiting the regimental museum at the Town Hall in Ashton-under-Lyne.

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