In 1766, the East India Company raised a 3rd Madras European Regiment, formed of non-Indian soldiers, for service in central India. This was later merged into the 1st and 2nd Madras European Regiments in 1774.
In 1777, a new two-battalion 3rd Madras European Regiment was raised. But this only lasted until 1796, when it was disbanded once more.
The unit was again revived by Colonel George Cornish Whitlock in 1854 as the 3rd Madras (European) Infantry.
The 3rd Madras Europeans subsequently served with General Sir Hugh Rose’s field force during the Indian Mutiny (1857-59), winning the battle honour ‘Central India’ and fighting at Saugor, Banda and Kirwee. Like all other Company units, it was transferred to the control of the British Crown immediately after the uprising.
In 1862, the unit was formally transferred to the British Army, with the numeral 108 in the order of precedence. However, it remained in India until December 1876, when it landed in Britain for the first time. Garrison duties at Colchester and Preston followed.
The National Army Museum works together with Regimental and Corps Museums across the country to help provide a network of military museums for everyone to visit and enjoy.
Explore the history and collections of the 108th Regiment of Foot (Madras Infantry) by visiting the Inniskilling Museum at Enniskillen Castle.