This regiment was formed in September 1959 by merging The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales’s) and The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh’s). It inherited the latter’s colonel-in-chief, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
The unit’s first overseas deployment came the following year, when it was sent to Libya on exercise. It then sent a company to the Bahamas (1960) to help with the relief operation after Hurricane ‘Donna’, and then British Guiana (1962) to help ease civil unrest. However, the first full-regiment posting only came in 1961, when it was sent to Canada for training.
In 1962, it began four years on Malta. It also spent several periods on Cyprus from 1964 onwards as part of the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping force.
In 1966, the regiment moved to West Germany for the first time. This was followed by its first tour to Northern Ireland in 1971, the first of six over the next 22 years that included service during the 1974 Maze Prison riot.
In 1971, the regiment arrived in West Berlin. Its duties there included guarding Nazi deputy leader Rudolf Hess at Spandau Prison.
Between 1973 and 1983, it alternated between West Germany, England and Northern Ireland, apart from a six-month tour on Cyprus in 1975. Its duties on home service included providing cover during the 1977 firemen’s strike.
In 1984, the regiment re-joined UN forces on Cyprus. Then, in 1988, it became part of the British garrison in Hong Kong for two years, patrolling the Chinese border. It went on its final deployment to Northern Ireland in 1993.
The National Army Museum works with a network of Regimental and Corps Museums across the UK to help preserve and share the history and traditions of the Army and its soldiers.
Discover more about The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment by visiting The Rifles Berkshire and Wiltshire Museum in Salisbury.