In 1572 Protestant rebels in the Netherlands called on Queen Elizabeth I of England for military help. Three hundred men from the Trained Bands of the City of London were selected to serve in Thomas Morgan's Company.
The Buffs get their name from the yellowish (or buff) colour of their uniform facings.
During the 2nd China War (1856-60) Private John Moyse was executed for refusing to kow-tow to a local Chinese high official after his capture.
'Steady the Buffs!', popularised by Rudyard Kipling in his 1888 novel 'Soldiers Three', has its origins during the 2nd Battalion's garrison duties in Malta.
After 389 years of service, the regiment merged with The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment in March 1961 to form The Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment.