The Sherwood Foresters was created in 1881 as part of wide-ranging reforms of the British Army. The rifle volunteer and militia units of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire were merged with two regular regiments, the 45th (Nottinghamshire) (Sherwood Foresters) Regiment of Foot and the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot. The regular regiments became the new unit's 1st and 2nd Battalions.
Immediately after formation, 2nd Battalion was deployed to Egypt for the 1882 conflict there. It then went to the North West Frontier, where it took part in the Tirah Expedition and won its first Victoria Cross on the Heights of Dargai. In contrast, 1st Battalion was put on garrison duty in Ireland for the first 12 years of its life, before being sent to the Boer War in 1899.
Both battalions redeployed back to England on the outbreak of the First World War (1914-18). During the conflict, the regiment raised 13 battalions for home service and 20 for foreign service. These fought in Gallipoli and Italy as well as on the Western Front, gaining 57 battle honours.
1st Battalion was captured at Tobruk in June 1942 and 16th Battalion was renamed to replace it. This served at home and in Germany. 2nd Battalion moved to Italy after its North African service.
The regiment also raised 10 Territorial and hostilities-only battalions, these went on to serve at home, in France, North Africa, Italy, and Singapore and Malaya.
Members of the 1/5th Battalion were captured at Singapore in 1942 and forced by the Japanese to labour on the notorious Thai-Burma 'death' railway.
The regiment returned to occupation duties in Germany after the war, but also served in Malaya in 1958 and in Cyprus in 1960. In 1948, it became a single-battalion regiment within the new Forester Brigade (originally known as the Midland Brigade).
In 1963, it transferred to the Mercian Brigade. Then, in 1970, it was amalgamated with The Worcestershire Regiment to form The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29th/45th Foot). Its traditions are now continued by 2nd Battalion The Mercian Regiment.
The National Army Museum works with a network of Regimental and Corps Museums across the UK to help preserve and share the history and traditions of the Army and its soldiers.
Discover more about The Sherwood Foresters by visiting the Museum of the Mercian Regiment at Nottingham Castle, and Derby Museum and Art Gallery.