Map briefing for Sikh recruits, 1947
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Independence and Partition, 1947

The birth of India and Pakistan as independent states in 1947 was a key moment in the history of Britain’s Empire and its army.

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Glengarry badge, 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry), c1874

106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry)

This infantry unit was raised for the East India Company’s army in 1839, but joined the British Army in 1862. It served until the 1881 reforms when it was merged into The Durham Light Infantry.

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A Mahsud tribesmen, c1919

The Third Afghan War and the Revolt in Waziristan

In May 1919, conflict broke out between British India and Afghanistan. Although peace was quickly agreed, the violence spread to the North West Frontier, challenging British control of that region.

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Other ranks' glengarry badge, 107th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Infantry), c1874

107th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Light Infantry)

This infantry regiment was raised by the East India Company in 1854. Under the Childers Reforms of 1881, it was amalgamated into The Royal Sussex Regiment.

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Glengarry badge, 102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers), c1874

102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers)

This unit's origins stretch back to 1742, when it became part of the East India Company's army. In 1862, it transferred to the British Army and then merged into The Royal Dublin Fusiliers in 1881.

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Bearskin badge, 103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers), c1869

103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers)

This regiment's origins stretch back to the 1680s, when it became part of the East India Company's army. In 1862, it transferred to the British Army and then merged into The Royal Dublin Fusiliers in 1881.

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Glengarry badge, 104th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Fusiliers), c1874

104th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Fusiliers)

This infantry regiment became part of the British Army in 1862. Prior to this, it had served for over a century with the East India Company's army.

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Other ranks' busby badge, 101st Regiment of Foot (Royal Bengal Fusiliers), c1862

101st Regiment of Foot (Royal Bengal Fusiliers)

This regiment became part of the British Army in 1862. But its origins date back to the 17th century, when the East India Company first established units of European troops.

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Glengarry badge, 109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry), c1874

109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry)

This unit was raised by the East India Company in 1853, but soon transferred to British Army service. It existed until the reforms of 1881, when it was merged into The Prince of Wales’s Leinster Regiment.

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General Sir Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1894

Frederick Roberts: Bobs

Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts was one of Britain’s most successful military commanders of the 19th century, winning victories during the Second Afghan War and revitalising the British campaign in the Boer War. 

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Field Marshal Auchinleck, c1947

Claude Auchinleck: The auk

After initial successes in North Africa during the Second World War, Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck transferred to India as Commander-in-Chief. His unstinting logistical support there was vital to the Allied re-conquest of Burma.

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Major-General Robert Sale, c1845

Robert Sale: Fighting Bob

Major-General Sir Robert Sale served in several important campaigns on the Indian subcontinent. He skillfully commanded the besieged garrison at Jalalabad during the First Afghan War, before being killed in action in the First Sikh War.

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Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Wavell, 1938

Archibald Wavell: Britain's first wartime victor

Field Marshal Sir Archibald Wavell led an imaginative and flexible campaign against the Italians in North Africa. His triumph over their vastly superior forces was Britain’s first success of the war and paved the way for later victories.

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Explore India events

The Indian 'Mutiny'?
Secondary workshop

3 September 2018 - 23 July 2019

FREE

The Indian 'Mutiny'?

Analyse evidence from documents and artefacts, then curate an exhibition to make a case for whether the conflict was a mutiny or war of independence.

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The Amritsar Massacre revisited
Talk

31 May 2019, 11.30am

FREE

The Amritsar Massacre revisited

Join Kim A Wagner to learn about the experiences of the ordinary British and Indian people affected by the Amritsar Massacre of 1919.

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Tidy parlours and 'manly' wallpaper: Home-making in the British Indian Army
Talk

28 June 2019, 11.30am

FREE

Tidy parlours and 'manly' wallpaper: Home-making in the British Indian Army

Join curator Holly Winter as she explores the role of home-making in the British Indian Army of the 19th century.

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