Map briefing for Sikh recruits, 1947
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Independence and Partition, 1947

The birth of India and Pakistan as independent states in 1947 was a key moment in the history of Britain’s Empire and its army.

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Saving the guns at Maiwand, 1880

Second Afghan War

In 1878-80, British-Indian forces fought a war to ensure that Afghanistan remained free from Russian interference. Although eventually successful, the British suffered several setbacks in their struggle to control the volatile country.

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Tribesmen from Kohistan, a region north-east of Kabul, c1842

First Afghan War

Between 1839 and 1842, British imperial forces fought a bitter war in Afghanistan. Initially successful, the British eventually withdrew having suffered one of the worst military disasters of the 19th century.

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Glengarry badge, 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry), c1874

106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry)

This infantry unit was raised for the East India Company’s army in 1839, but joined the British Army in 1862. It served until the 1881 reforms when it was merged into The Durham Light Infantry.

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A Mahsud tribesmen, c1919

The Third Afghan War and the Revolt in Waziristan

In May 1919, conflict broke out between British India and Afghanistan. Although peace was quickly agreed, the violence spread to the North West Frontier, challenging British control of that region.

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Other ranks' glengarry badge, 107th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Infantry), c1874

107th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Light Infantry)

This infantry regiment was raised by the East India Company in 1854. Under the Childers Reforms of 1881, it was amalgamated into The Royal Sussex Regiment.

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Glengarry badge, 102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers), c1874

102nd Regiment of Foot (Royal Madras Fusiliers)

This unit's origins stretch back to 1742, when it became part of the East India Company's army. In 1862, it transferred to the British Army and then merged into The Royal Dublin Fusiliers in 1881.

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Bearskin badge, 103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers), c1869

103rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Bombay Fusiliers)

This regiment's origins stretch back to the 1680s, when it became part of the East India Company's army. In 1862, it transferred to the British Army and then merged into The Royal Dublin Fusiliers in 1881.

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Glengarry badge, 104th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Fusiliers), c1874

104th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Fusiliers)

This infantry regiment became part of the British Army in 1862. Prior to this, it had served for over a century with the East India Company's army.

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Other ranks' busby badge, 101st Regiment of Foot (Royal Bengal Fusiliers), c1862

101st Regiment of Foot (Royal Bengal Fusiliers)

This regiment became part of the British Army in 1862. But its origins date back to the 17th century, when the East India Company first established units of European troops.

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Glengarry badge, 109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry), c1874

109th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Infantry)

This unit was raised by the East India Company in 1853, but soon transferred to British Army service. It existed until the reforms of 1881, when it was merged into The Prince of Wales’s Leinster Regiment.

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General Sir Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1894

Frederick Roberts: Bobs

Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts was one of Britain’s most successful military commanders of the 19th century, winning victories during the Second Afghan War and revitalising the British campaign in the Boer War. 

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Field Marshal Auchinleck, c1947

Claude Auchinleck: The auk

After initial successes in North Africa during the Second World War, Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck transferred to India as Commander-in-Chief. His unstinting logistical support there was vital to the Allied re-conquest of Burma.

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Explore India events

The Indian 'Mutiny'?
Secondary workshop

3 September 2018 - 30 July 2020

FREE

The Indian 'Mutiny'?

Analyse evidence from documents and artefacts, then curate an exhibition to make a case for whether the conflict was a mutiny or war of independence.

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"First time @NAM_London today. Thoroughly enjoyed it. Thought the presentation & interpretation made the subject accessible..."