Regiments and Corps

The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)

Members of The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons), Camp Bastion, Helmand Province, 2008

Origins

This unit is one of the two Household Cavalry regiments in the British Army, the other being The Life Guards. It was formed in 1969 by amalgamating The Royal Horse Guards with The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons), both of which had origins dating back to the mid-17th century.

Although famous for its ceremonial duties, the new unit saw much active service during the 1970s and 1980s as a reconnaissance unit in West Germany with the British Army of the Rhine. Squadrons from the regiment also carried out several tours of Northern Ireland and served on Cyprus with United Nations forces. 

In 1982, it sent detachments to the Falklands War, where they supported The Parachute Regiment in the Battle of Wireless Ridge.

Cap badge, The Blues and Royals, c1990

Members of The Blues and Royals parading in London, 2016

Household Cavalry

In 1992, the two Household Cavalry units’ ceremonial troops were united into the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment (HCMR), and their operational troops into the Household Cavalry Regiment (HCR). The Blues and Royals contribute two squadrons to the HCR and one squadron to the HCMR. They are based in Windsor and central London respectively.

Since 1992, squadrons of The Blues and Royals have served with the HCR in Bosnia in 1994-95 and Kosovo in 1999. Members of The Blues and Royals also regularly deployed to Iraq (2003-11) and Afghanistan (2001-14).

Identity

Although they serve together in the HCR, both The Life Guards and The Blues and Royals retain their own separate identities, colonels, traditions and uniforms.

For The Blues and Royals, these traditions include calling its newest officers cornets, not second lieutenants. The regiment also wears a French eagle as its sleeve badge, a tradition inherited from the 1st Dragoons, who captured one at Waterloo (1815).

Household Cavalry Museum

The National Army Museum works together with Regimental and Corps Museums across the country to help provide a network of military museums for everyone to visit and enjoy.

Explore the history and collections of The Blues and Royals by visiting the Household Cavalry Museum in London.

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