Today we welcome the assistance that the British Army provides to the civil authority, but for a long time the army’s involvement in maintaining order was hugely unpopular.
Women were finally allowed to undertake combat roles in 2016. But even before that, many female soldiers had been serving in war zones around the world.
The Jacobites, supporters of King James II and his descendants, sought to restore the House of Stuart to the British throne. In 1715, 1719 and 1745 they tried to overthrow the ruling Hanoverian Royal Family.
Throughout its long history the British Army has relied on part-time soldiers to support its operations, guard British shores and maintain law and order.
During the Second World War women took on increasingly diverse roles. But, like their First World War predecessors, they were still prevented from fighting.
Since 2016 women have been able to serve in combat roles. However, the history of women's service in the army stretches much further back in time.
As the entire nation mobilised for the First World War, women stepped up to new challenges.
Troops were sent to Northern Ireland in 1969. They ended up staying there for nearly 40 years in what became the British Army's longest ever deployment.
KS3 (Age 11 to 14)
Explore society's opinions of the army, its operations and the soldiers who serve in it, and how and why society's attitudes fluctuate.
Explore the real people performing a soldier's tasks, their reasons for joining and the lasting impact it can have on their lives.
Explore what the army does and why; from fighting in sometimes contentious conflicts to the specialist support and skills it can provide.
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National Army Museum, Royal Hospital Road, London, SW3 4HTRegistered Charity Number: 237902